IDH2 Deficiency Is Critical in Myogenesis and Fatty Acid Metabolism in Mice Skeletal Muscleopen access
- Pan, Jeong Hoon; Tang, Jingsi; Kim, Young Jun; Lee, Jin Hyup; Shin, Eui-Cheol; Zhao, Jiangchao; Kim, Kee-Hong; Hwang, Kyung A.; Huang, Yan; Kim, Jae Kyeom
- Issue Date
- IDH2 knockout; skeletal muscle; myogenesis; mitochondrial biogenesis; fatty acid oxidation; UCP1
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.21, no.16
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- Mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH2) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate into alpha-ketoglutarate with concurrent reduction of NADP(+)to NADPH. However, it is not fully understood how IDH2 is intertwined with muscle development and fatty acid metabolism. Here, we examined the effects of IDH2 knockout (KO) on skeletal muscle energy homeostasis. Calf skeletal muscle samples from 10-week-old male IDH2 KO and wild-type (WT; C57BL/6N) mice were harvested, and the ratio of skeletal muscle weight to body and the ratio of mitochondrial to nucleic DNA were measured. In addition, genes involved in myogenesis, mitochondria biogenesis, adipogenesis, and thermogenesis were compared. Results showed that the ratio of skeletal muscle weight to body weight was lower in IDH2 KO mice than those in WT mice. Of note, a noticeable shift in fiber size distribution was found in IDH2 KO mice. Additionally, there was a trend of a decrease in mitochondrial content in IDH2 KO mice than in WT mice (p= 0.09). Further, mRNA expressions for myogenesis and mitochondrial biogenesis were either decreased or showed a trend of decrease in IDH2 KO mice. Moreover, genes for adipogenesis pathway (Pparg,Znf423, andFat1) were downregulated in IDH2 KO mice. Interestingly, mRNA and protein expression of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), a hallmark of thermogenesis, were remarkably increased in IDH2 KO mice. In line with the UCP1 expression, IDH2 KO mice showed higher rectal temperature than WT mice under cold stress. Taken together, IDH2 deficiency may affect myogenesis, possibly due to impairments of muscle generation and abnormal fatty acid oxidation as well as thermogenesis in muscle via upregulation of UCP1.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 식품공학부 > Journal Articles
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