Unexpectedly higher soil organic carbon accumulation in the evapotranspiration cover of a coal bottom ash mixed landfill
- Kim, Gil Won; Khan, Muhammad Israr; Kim, Pil Joo; Gwon, Hyo Suk
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Allophane; Landfill evapotranspiration cover; Coal bottom ash; CO2 capturing
- JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, v.268
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
- Monolayer barriers, which are usually known as evapotranspiration (ET) covers, have long been used as alternative final cover systems in waste landfills. Coal bottom ash was evaluated as a good alternative to soil in landfill ET cover systems to increase the bottom ash (BA) recycling ratio in the past. In a previous study, applying BA promoted plant growth characteristics and improved the soil physicochemical properties, particularly the soil organic carbon (SOC) content. In this study, we investigated the effect of BA on the SOC increase by examining the chemical and physical characteristics of ET cover systems, and we compared BA mixed and pure soils. We collected two types of soil from the landfill cover, namely, BA mixed soil (BA 35% + soil 65%) and soil alone (100%), for treatments during the 5th year after installation. Bottom ash mixed soil has four times more SOC than the pure soil at the surface soil layer, but the SOC contents significantly decreased with the soil depth in BA mixed soil, and no differences were found between BA mixed soil and pure soil below a 25 cm soil depth. In addition, there was no significant difference in the chemical composition of the SOC according to a(13)C NMR. However, the allophane contents were significantly higher in BA mixed soil than pure soil, which physically protects the material from organic matter decomposition. Conclusively, the higher allophane content originating from BA might act as the primary factor in the high accumulation of soil organic carbon in the BA mixed soil layer by retarding the organic matter decomposition.
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