Effects of supplementation levels of Allium fistulosum L. extract on in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics and methane emissionopen access
- Eom, Jun Sik; Lee, Shin Ja; Lee, Yejun; Kim, Hyun Sang; Choi, You Young; Kim, Hyeong Suk; Kim, Do Hyung; Lee, Sung Sill
- Issue Date
- PEERJ INC
- Allium fistulosum L. extract; In vitro; Methane emission; Methanogenic archaea; Ruminal fermentation characteristics
- PEERJ, v.8
- Journal Title
- Background. Ruminants release the majority of agricultural methane, an important greenhouse gas. Different feeds and additives are used to reduce emissions, but each has its drawbacks. This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of Allium fistulosum L. (A. fistulosum) extract on in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics, and on methane emission. Methods. Rumen fluid was taken from two cannulated rumen Hanwoo cow (with mean initial body weight 450 +/- 30 kg, standard deviation = 30). Rumen fluid and McDougall's buffer (1:2; 15 mL) were dispensed anaerobically into 50 mL serum bottles containing 300 mg (DM basis) of timothy substrate and A. fistulosum extracts (based on timothy substrate; 0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, 7%, or 9%). This experiment followed a completely randomized design performed in triplicate, using 126 individual serum bottles (six treatments x seven incubation times x three replicates). Results. Dry matter degradability was not significantly affected (p-value > 0.05) by any A. fistulosum treatment other than 1% extract at 24 h incubation. Methane emission linearly decreased A. fistulosum extract concentration increased at 12 and 24 h incubation (p-value < 0.0001; p-value = 0.0003, respectively). Acetate concentration linearly decreased (p-value = 0.003) as A. fistulosum extract concentration increased at 12 h incubation. Methanogenic archaea abundance tendency decreased (p-value = 0.055) in the 1%, 7%, and 9% A. fistulosum extract groups compared to that in the 0% group, and quadratically decreased (p-value < 0.0001) as A. fistulosum extract concentration increased at 24 h incubation. Conclusion. A. fistulosum extract had no apparent effect on ruminal fermentation characteristics or dry matter degradability. However, it reduced methane emission and methanogenic archaea abundance.
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