Review: Helicobacter pylori infection in children
- Seo, Ji-Hyun; Bortolin, Kristen; Jones, Nicola L.
- Issue Date
- antibiotic resistance; diagnosis; epidemiology; microbiome; stool antigen test
- HELICOBACTER, v.25
- Journal Title
- Helicobacter pylori infection in children and adolescents differs in comparison to adults with respect to epidemiology, host responses, and disease manifestations. Furthermore, treatment options are limited in this population and antibiotic resistance rates continue to increase. Therefore, ongoing research is vital to understand disease pathogenesis and provide optimal management of children with infection. This review summarizes relevant publications from April 2019 to March 2020. Similar to adults, recent studies show a decreasing prevalence of infection in the pediatric population. Studies of pathogenesis investigated serum immune responses and the potential inverse association of infection and allergy. Several studies investigated the effect of H pylori and related inflammation on the gut microbiome. The recommendation of endoscopy-based testing to identify the cause of symptoms and not just H pylori, reserving noninvasive UBT or stool antigen tests for post-eradication follow-up, was supported by the current literature.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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