Full thickness macular hole formation and spontaneous closure associated with branch retinal vein occlusion in a vitrectomized eye A case reportopen access
- Nam, Ki Yup; Cho, Hyun Kyung; Kang, Tae Seen; Kim, Ji Hye; Kim, Bum Jun; Han, Yong Seop
- Issue Date
- LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
- branch retinal vein occlusion; cystoid macular edema; macular hole; spontaneous closure; vitrectomy
- MEDICINE, v.99, no.36
- Journal Title
- Rationale: Macular hole (MH) formation after vitrectomy is rare and it may be due to several mechanisms associated with change of foveolar anatomy by vitrectomy. If a MH develops after vitrectomy, surgical treatments including internal limiting membrane peeling and intravitreal gas injection are usually needed for repair of hole. Spontaneous closure of MH is much rarer. Patient concerns: A 66-year-old patient had a vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment not involving the macula of the right eye. Eight months after the vitrectomy, the visual acuity decreased and full-thickness defect of macula, epiretinal membrane progression, intraretinal cysts, and flame shape hemorrhage along with superior temporal vascular arcade were observed on fundus examination and optical coherence tomography. Diagnoses: MH and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) accompanying cystoid macular edema (CME) were both present on her right eye. Thus, we planned a surgery for MH repair. Interventions: The status of MH was observed while waiting the surgery schedule. At 2 weeks after detection of the MH, optical coherence tomography showed that intraretinal cysts had decreased in extent and the inner wall of the MH had contracted; 4 weeks later, the MH was closed with a subtle subretinal space. Outcomes: The fovea was well-maintained with a complete closure for 9 months. Lessons: MH formation and spontaneous closure occurred in association with BRVO accompanying CME in a patient who had a vitrectomy. In vitrectomized eyes, physicians should consider the possibility of MH development in association with BRVO, and possible spontaneous closure of the MH in accordance with CME resolution.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.