Biogas potential and methanogenic community shift in in-situ anaerobic sewage sludge digestion with food waste leachate additionsopen access
- Bae, Ji Su; Yoon, Yeo Myung; Shin, Seon Kyoung; Lee, Dong Jin; Seo, Dong Cheol
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER SINGAPORE PTE LTD
- Methane yield; Sewage sludge; Anaerobic digestion; Metagenome; Volatile solids
- APPLIED BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v.63, no.1
- Journal Title
- APPLIED BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
- The objective of this study was to determine methane yields (MY) of organic wastes in biogasification facilities according to the mixing ratio of food waste/food waste leachate and sewage sludge. One biogasification facility that treated sewage sludge only was compared with three biogasification facilities treating sewage sludge and food waste. The theoretical MY was derived based on analyses of carbohydrate, fat, and protein to examine the efficiency of the biogasification facility. The average actual MY was 0.424 (SmCH4)-C-3/kg volatile solids, which corresponded to 83.7% of theoretical MY. In the case of combined anaerobic digestion (CD) mixing with food waste/food waste leachate, inhibitory factors (volatile fatty acids [VFAs], total nitrogen [TN], and organic matter contents) showed the tendency to have relatively higher values in CD facilities than in the biogasification facility treating sewage sludge only. Mean concentrations of VFAs and TN in the anaerobic digester effluent, and the organic loading rate were 406 mg/L, 3,721 mg/L, and 1.62 kg volatile solids/m(3) day, respectively. The influence of anaerobic digester effluent was in charge of 10% within the influent environmental loading rate from the sewage treatment plants associated with the biogasification facilities. Analyses of the microbial community showed that a remarkable change in the structure of methanogens was directly related to different MY in each plant. In particular,MethanoculleusandMethanosaetaincreased with an increasing ratio of food waste/food waste leachate to sludge, whileMethanococcusandMethanosarcinadecreased. In conclusion, CD showed steady operational conditions and high efficiency of MY by injecting food waste/food waste leachate into the anaerobic digester. It met the current criteria for integrated treatment of organic waste in biogasification facilities in South Korea.
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