Two short antimicrobial peptides derived from prosaposin-like proteins in the starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus)
- Choi, Kwang-Min; Hwang, Seong Don; Joo, Min-Soo; Hwang, Jee Youn; Kwon, Mun-Gyeong; Jeong, Ji-Min; Seo, Jung Soo; Lee, Ji Hoon; Lee, Hee-Chung; Park, Chan-Il
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Prosaposin-like protein; Starry flounder; Platichthys stellatus; Streptococcus parauberis; Streptococcus iniae; Vibrio campbellii; Antimicrobial peptide; Biofilm; Miamiensis avidus
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, v.105, pp.95 - 103
- Journal Title
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Prosaposin (PSAP) is a precursor of saposin (SAP), which is present in lysosomal and secreted proteins. PSAP is a member of the SAP-like protein families, which comprise multifunctional proteins. In particular, their antimicrobial activity has been reported. We identified PSAP-like (PsPSAPL) sequences from starry flounder and analysed their expression and antimicrobial activity based on cDNA and amino acid sequences. PsPSAPL showed conservation of three saposin B type domains at high levels, and PsPSAPL mRNA was relatively abundantly distributed in the brain and gills of healthy starry founders. PsPSAPL mRNA showed significant expression changes in response to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus and Streptococcus parauberis. Synthetic peptides (PsPSAPL-1 and -2), prepared based on amino acid sequences, were used to confirm as well as analyse the antimicrobial activity against bacteria and parasites. Consequently, PsPSAPL-1 and -2 were found to significantly inhibit the growth of various bacteria and kill the Miamiensis avidus. In addition, bacterial biofilm formation was significantly inhibited. Safety was also confirmed by analysing cell haemolysis. These results indicate the immunological function of PsPSAP and the potential antimicrobial activity of the AMPs PsPSAPL-1 and -2.
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- 해양과학대학 > 양식생명과학과 > Journal Articles
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