Chemical pleurodesis with Viscum album L. extract for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in elderly patientsopen access
- Kim, Jong Duk; Choi, Jae Won; Park, Hyun Oh; Lee, Chung Eun; Jang, In Seok; Choi, Jun Young; Kang, Dong Hoon; Jung, Jae Jun; Yang, Jun Ho; Moon, Sung Ho; Byun, Joung Hun; Kim, Sung Hwan; Kim, Jong Woo
- Issue Date
- AME PUBL CO
- Pneumothorax; pleurodesis; Viscum album
- JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE, v.12, no.10, pp.5440 - 5445
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background: Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax is generally managed by surgery, if pneumothorax was not improved following chest tube insertion or in the event of persistent air leakage lasting more than 5 days. However, if surgery is not an option, chemical pleurodesis with sclerosants can be performed. Several sclerosants have been used in the chemical pleurodesis of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, However, there is still controversy for what is the ideal sclerosant for Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. The use of Viscum album L. for chemical pleurodesis in patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax aged >65 years has not been described to date, despite its extensive use. The authors tried to find out the effect of Viscum album L. for sclerosant for Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in elder. Methods: This retrospective analysis examined 25 patients (aged >65 years) with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax with persistent air leakage who underwent chemical pleurodesis with Abnova Viscum-F (R) (V. album L.). Results: The duration of chest tube drainage was 5.08 days after chemical pleurodesis. Adverse effects related to chemical pleurodesis with Abnova Viscum-F (R) were fever (7/25), pain (4/25), leukocytosis (10/25), and dyspnea with desaturation (7/25); however all the patients recovered without sequela and were subsequently discharged. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the successful use of chemical pleurodesis with V. album L. in the management of elderly patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. Because of the high probability of dyspnea with desaturation in the elderly, caution must be exercised.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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