Increasing Neurons or Deepening Layers in Forecasting Maximum Temperature Time Series?open access
- Tran, Trang Thi Kieu; Lee, Taesam; Kim, Jong-Suk
- Issue Date
- artificial neural network; neurons; layers; temperature; South Korea; deep learning
- ATMOSPHERE, v.11, no.10
- Journal Title
- Weather forecasting, especially that of extreme climatic events, has gained considerable attention among researchers due to their impacts on natural ecosystems and human life. The applicability of artificial neural networks (ANNs) in non-linear process forecasting has significantly contributed to hydro-climatology. The efficiency of neural network functions depends on the network structure and parameters. This study proposed a new approach to forecasting a one-day-ahead maximum temperature time series for South Korea to discuss the relationship between network specifications and performance by employing various scenarios for the number of parameters and hidden layers in the ANN model. Specifically, a different number of trainable parameters (i.e., the total number of weights and bias) and distinctive numbers of hidden layers were compared for system-performance effects. If the parameter sizes were too large, the root mean square error (RMSE) would be generally increased, and the model's ability was impaired. Besides, too many hidden layers would reduce the system prediction if the number of parameters was high. The number of parameters and hidden layers affected the performance of ANN models for time series forecasting competitively. The result showed that the five-hidden layer model with 49 parameters produced the smallest RMSE at most South Korean stations.
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- 공과대학 > Department of Civil Engineering > Journal Articles
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