Water-Assisted Increase of Ionic Conductivity of Lithium Poly(acrylic acid)-Based Aqueous Polymer Electrolyte
- 박재현; 정성엽; 송연화; Narayana R. Aluru; 김태훈; 이상복; 최우혁; 이재광
- Issue Date
- American Chemical Society
- ACS Applied Energy Materials, v.3, pp.10119 - 10130
- Journal Title
- ACS Applied Energy Materials
- Start Page
- End Page
- We propose a novel aqueous polymer electrolyte (APE) using a strongly hydrophilic poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) matrix containing mobile lithium counterions. The conductivity of this new PAA?Li+?water electrolyte increases dramatically (to 10?2 S/cm at 298 K) with the addition of water. This value is almost 100 times higher than those of nonaqueous electrolytes and solid-state electrolytes. From the molecular dynamics simulations, we find that the increase of ion conductivity originates from the close interplay between ions, water, and the polymers in the molecule level. The structural features (i.e., ion/water distribution around the polymer) and transport properties (i.e., diffusion coefficient and ionic conductivity) are systematically investigated along with the quantifications of the microscopic properties such as the binding index of the ion, hydration numbers, and the equilibrium distance between the ion and PAA monomer at various water-content conditions. In particular, the change in the conductivity according to water content, ?Wt, is divided into the diffusion-dominant regime at the low-water-content condition (?Wt < 0.7) and the structure-dominant regime at the high-water-content condition (?Wt ≥ 0.7). In the diffusion-dominant regime, the conductivity increases by diffusion enhancement proportional to the water content, while in the structure-dominant regime, the conductivity varies little due to the considerable reduction of the number density of Li ions. Namely, there exists an optimal water content, above which the effects of additional water become negligible. We believe that our innovative findings would provide significant advances in developing APE-based high-power and long-life lithium-ion batteries. Also, the proposed nontoxic and flexible APE could offer a promising solution for the development of flexible and wearable aqueous rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 공학계열 > Division of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.