Exploration of the potential capacity of fly ash and bottom ash derived from wood pellet-based thermal power plant for heavy metal removal
- Park, Jong-Hwan; Eom, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Su-Lim; Hwang, Se-Wook; Kim, Seong-Heon; Kang, Se-Won; Yun, Jin-Ju; Cho, Ju-Sik; Lee, Young-Han; Seo, Dong-Cheol
- Issue Date
- Wood pellet; Biochar; Bottom ash; Fly ash; Heavy metal; Thermal power plant
- SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, v.740
- Journal Title
- SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
- This study was conducted to explore the potential capacity for the removal of heavy metals from the fly ash (FA) and bottom ash (BA) emitted by wood pellet thermal power plants. Fly ash consists of inorganic compounds such as CaSiO3, P2O5, and K2O, whereas BA shows properties very similar to the biochar derived from organic biomass. The adsorption properties of both FA and BA for Cd were described well by the Langmuir and pseudo-secondorder models, and the maximum adsorption capacity of FA for Cd was 4.2 times higher than that of BA. The results indicate that FA can be applied to the treatment of wastewater that contains heavy metals over pH range from 2-6; however, BA is considered to be most effective for application with wastewater that contains heavy metals at a pH of 5-6. Study of the mechanism concluded that the adsorption of Cd by FA is dominated by the formation of Cd2SiO4 complexes by chemical reactions between CaSiO3 and Cd ions as well as via the precipitation of Cd (OH)(2) in the neutral and alkaline solutions that is caused by the dissolution of K. It was found that the adsorption of Cd by BA was influenced by the binding of functional groups (C=C and C-OH), coupled CaCO3 dissolution-CdCO3 precipitation reaction and ion exchange between some minerals with Si and Cd ions in weakly acidic conditions. Results indicate that the FA and BA emitted from wood pellet thermal power plants have high potential for heavy metal removal, and their practical use in the purification and restoration of heavy metals could be an effective way to reduce the waste produced by power plants and clean the environment. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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