Effects of lifelong spontaneous exercise on the M1/M2 macrophage polarization ratio and gene expression in adipose tissue of super-aged mice
- Baek, Kyung-Wan; Lee, Da-In; Jeong, Mi-Jin; Kang, Shin Ae; Choe, Yongho; Yoo, Jun-Il; Yu, Hak Sun; Kim, Ji-Seok
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Aging; Adipose tissue; Lifelong spontaneous exercise; Energy homeostasis; Macrophage polarization
- EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY, v.141
- Journal Title
- EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY
- In the adipose tissue (AT), an increase in the M1 macrophage (M1empty set)/M2 macrophage (M2empty set) polarization ratio can be a risk factor enhancing the inflammatory response during aging, as well as increasing the risk of chronic disease, thereby reducing lifespan, or at least reducing "healthy" lifespan. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the AT M1empty set/M2empty set polarization ratio at the final lifespan stage in aged and control animals performing lifelong spontaneous wheel running. Based on flow cytometric analysis, the AT ratio of macrophages revealed M2empty set polarization following lifelong spontaneous exercise (LSE) regardless of age. However, for Icam1 and Tnf, the qPCR analysis showed no difference in gene expressions in young mice; Arg1 expression was higher in Young-EXE (exercising) than in Young-CON (control) mice (p<.0001). In Old-EXE, Icam1 (p<.0001) and Tnf (p<.0001) expression were lower than in Old-CON; for Arg1, gene expression in Old-EXE was higher than in Old-CON (p<.0001). LSE prevents deterioration of physical fitness owing to aging, maintaining high M2empty set polarization levels in the AT. Additionally, LSE does not downregulate Icam1 and Tnf in the AT but appears to suppress the increased M1empty set polarization ratio attributed to aging by upregulating Arg1.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 사범대학 > Physical Education > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.