Anthocyanins Derived from Vitis coignetiae Pulliat Contributes Anti-Cancer Effects by Suppressing NF-kappa B Pathways in Hep3B Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells and In Vivoopen access
- Kim, Min Jeong; Paramanantham, Anjugam; Lee, Won Sup; Yun, Jeong Won; Chang, Seong Hwan; Kim, Dong Chul; Park, Hyeon Soo; Choi, Yung Hyun; Kim, Gon Sup; Ryu, Chung Ho; Shin, Sung Chul; Hong, Soon Chan
- Issue Date
- anthocyanins; Vitis coignetiae Pulliat; NF-& #954; B; invasion; angiogenesis; hepatocellular carcinoma
- MOLECULES, v.25, no.22
- Journal Title
- We previously demonstrated that anthocyanins from the fruits of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat (AIMs) induced the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. However, many researchers argued that the concentrations of AIMs were too high for in vivo experiments. Therefore, we performed in vitro at lower concentrations and in vivo experiments for the anti-cancer effects of AIMs. AIMs inhibited the cell proliferation of Hep3B cells in a dose-dependent manner with a maximum concentration of 100 mu g/mL. AIMs also inhibited the invasion and migration at 100 mu g/mL concentration with or without the presence of TNF-alpha. To establish the relevance between the in vitro and in vivo results, we validated their effects in a Xenograft model of Hep3B human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. In the in vivo test, AIMs inhibited the tumorigenicity of Hep3B cells in the xenograft mouse model without showing any clinical signs of toxicity or any changes in the body weight of mice. AIMs inhibited the activation NF-kappa B and suppressed the NF-kappa B-regulated proteins, intra-tumoral microvessel density (IMVD) and the Ki67 activity of Hep3B xenograft tumors in athymic nude mice. In conclusion, this study indicates that AIMs have anti-cancer effects (inhibition of proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis) on human hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft through the inhibition of NF-kappa B and its target protein.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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