Pulsed laser synthesis of reduced graphene oxide supported ZnO/Au nanostructures in liquid with enhanced solar light photocatalytic activity
- Naik, Shreyanka Shankar; Lee, Seung Jun; Begildayeva, Talshyn; Yu, Yiseul; Lee, Hyeyeon; Choi, Myong Yong
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- Photocatalytic activity; Ternary nanocomposites; Pulsed laser ablation in liquid (PLAL); Wastewater treatment
- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.266
- Journal Title
- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
- ZnO/Au/rGO ternary nanocomposites possessing a high photocatalytic response under solar irradiation were synthesized by a two-step process via a pulsed laser synthesis and a wet chemical process. The crystalline structure, surface morphology, size distribution, elemental composition, and optical properties of the prepared ZnO/Au/rGO ternary nanocomposites were characterized using X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscope, high-resolution transmission electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra, and photoluminescence analysis. The photocatalytic activity of the as synthesized nanocomposites was evaluated for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under solar light irradiation (SLI). The density of the elemental and carbonaceous components, such as the Au nanoparticles (NPs) and the rGO nano-matrix on ZnO, could be altered by changing the concentration of HAuCl4.3H(2)O (5, 10, 15, and 20 wt%) or rGO (2.5, 5, and 7.5 wt%) using the same synthetic processes. The ZnO/Au15/rGO5 nanocomposite showed the highest photocatalytic degradation efficiency of 95% MB after 120 min under SLI, potentially due to the increased absorption of solar light or the efficient separation and migration of charge carriers by the anchored Au NPs and rGO onto the ZnO NPs. Further, the observed results and reusability of ZnO/Au15/rGO5 makes it an exceptionally promising material for diverse applications in the field of wastewater treatment and other types of environmental remediation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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