Infection Status of Gnathostoma spinigerum Larvae in Asian Swamp Eels, Monopterus albus, Purchased from Local Markets in Cambodiaopen access
- Chai, Jong-Yil; Jung, Bong-Kwang; Lee, Keon Hoon; Hong, Sung-Jong; Khieu, Virak; Na, Byoung-Kuk; Sohn, Woon-Mok
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC PARASITOLOGY, SEOUL NATL UNIV COLL MEDI
- Gnathostoma spinigerum; Monopterus albus; advanced 3rd-stage larva; Asian swamp eel; Pursat Province; Cambodia
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, v.58, no.6, pp.695 - 699
- Journal Title
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY
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- End Page
- Present study was performed to know the infection status of Gnathostoma sp. larvae in swamp eels from Cambodia. We purchased total 30 Asian swamp eels, Monopterus albus, from local markets in Pursat and Takeo Provinces and Phnom Penh on May and November 2017 and May 2018. All collected eels were transferred to our laboratory with ice and each of them was examined by artificial digestion method. A total of 15 larval gnathostomes (1-5 larvae) were detected from 55.6% (5/9) swamp eels in Pursat Province. No larval gnathostomes were found in 21 swamp eels in Takeo Province and Phnom Penh. The advanced third-stage larvae (AdL(3)) detected were 2.575-3.825 (3.250) mm in length and 0.375-0.425 (0.386) mm in width. They had the characteristic head bulb (av. 0.104x0.218 mm) with 4 rows of hooklets, long muscular esophagus (1.048 mm), and 2 pairs of cervical sacs (0.615 mm). The number of hooklets in 4 rows on the head bulb was 41, 44, 47, and 50. In scanning electron microscopy, characteristic features were 4 rows of hooklets on the head bulb, cervical papillae, tegumental spines regularly arranged in transverse striations, and anus. The larval gnathostomes were identified as AdL(3) of Gnathostoma spinigerum based on the morphological characters. By the present study, it has been confirmed that G. spinigerum larvae are infected in Asian swamp eels, M. albus, in Pursat Province, Cambodia.
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