Functional characterization and gene expression profile of perforin-2 in starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus)
- Choi, Kwang-Min; Cho, Dong-Hee; Joo, Min-Soo; Choi, Hye-Sung; Kim, Myoung Sug; Han, Hyun-Ja; Cho, Mi Young; Hwang, Seong Don; Kim, Do-Hyung; Park, Chan-Il
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Perforin-2; Starry flounder; Membrane attack complex; Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus; Streptococcus parauberis; Miamiensis avidus
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, v.107, pp.511 - 518
- Journal Title
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- The membrane attack complex/perforin (MACPF) superfamily consists of multifunctional proteins that form pores on the membrane surface of microorganisms to induce their death and have various immune-related functions. PFN2 is a perforimlike protein with an MACPF domain, and humans with deficient PFN2 levels have increased susceptibility to bacterial infection, which can lead to fatal consequences for some patients. Therefore, in this study, we confirmed the antimicrobial function of PFN2 in starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus). The molecular properties were confirmed based on the verified amino acid sequence of PsPFN2. In addition, the expression characteristics of tissue-specific and pathogen-specific PsPFN2 mRNA were also confirmed. The recombinant protein was produced using Escherichia coli, and the antimicrobial activity was then confirmed. The coding sequence of PFN2 (PsPFN2) in P. stellatus consists of 710 residues. The MACPF domain was conserved throughout evolution, as shown by multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis. PsPFN2 mRNA is abundantly distributed in immune-related organs such as the spleen and gills of healthy starry flounder, and significant expression changes were confirmed after artificial infection by bacteria or viruses. We cloned the MACPF domain region of PFN2 to produce a recombinant protein (rPFN2) and confirmed its antibacterial effect against a wide range of bacterial species and the parasite (Miamiensis avidus).
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- 해양과학대학 > 양식생명과학과 > Journal Articles
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