Two-year outcomes of the treat-and-extend regimen using aflibercept for treating diabetic macular oedemaopen access
- Kim, Yu Cheol; Shin, Jae Pil; Pak, Kang Yeun; Kim, Hyun Woong; Sagong, Min; Lee, Sang Joon; Chung, In Young; Park, Sung Who; Lee, Ji Eun
- Issue Date
- NATURE RESEARCH
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.10, no.1
- Journal Title
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
- This study was performed to investigate the efficacy of the treat-and-extend regimen using aflibercept for treating diabetic macular oedema (DME). This prospective, multicentre, interventional, single-arm, 104-week clinical trial included 48 patients with DME visual impairment. The patients' eyes received five consecutive intravitreal injections (2 mg aflibercept) every four weeks with two-week adjustments based on central subfield macular thickness (CSMT) changes. Injections were deferred when CSMT was stable. The number of injections, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CSMT, and diabetic retinopathy severity scale scores were analysed. Compared to baseline, BCVA improved by +9.1 letters at 52 weeks and was maintained with+9.4-letter gain at 104 weeks (P<0.001). Between baseline and 104 weeks, CSMT decreased from 489 to 298 <mu>m (P<0.001) and eyes with vision<greater than or equal to>20/40 increased from 17.4 to 43.5% (P=0.007). The mean number of injections decreased from 8.5 in year one to 3.9 in year two. The injection interval was extended to >= 12 weeks in 56.5% of patients. The treat-and-extend regimen of aflibercept in DME showed 2-year efficacy comparable to that of fixed dosing regimens. The flexible dosing of this regimen reduced the number of injections in year two while maintaining efficacy.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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