The prevalence of causative agents of calf diarrhea in Korean native calvesopen access
- Chae, Jeong-Byoung; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol; Kang, Jun-Gu; Choi, Kyoung-Seong; Chae, Joon-Seok; Yu, Do-Hyeon; Park, Bae-Keun; Oh, Yeon-su; Choi, Hak-Jong; Park, Jinho
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOCIETY ANIMAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
- Calf diarrhea; Korean native beef calves; Enteric pathogens; Prevalence
- JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.63, no.4, pp.864 - 871
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Infectious calf diarrhea is one of the most significant diseases of neonatal calves. This study is conducted to identify the prevalence of pathogens in calf diarrhea for 2 years. A total of 544 feces samples from Korean native beef calves were obtained to investigate selected seven pathogens causing calf diarrhea: bovine rotavirus, bovine coronavirus, Cryptosporidium parvum, bovine viral diarrhea virus, Eimeria species, Escherichia coli K99, and Salmonella species. The presence of diarrhea, the number and species of detected pathogens, and the calves' ages were analyzed using various statistical methods depending on the case. Of the 544 calves, 340 calves (62.5%) had normal feces and 204 calves (37.5%) had diarrhea. The presence of pathogens was significantly associated with diarrhea (p < 0.01) and fecal scores and the number of detected pathogens showed a significant linear trend (p < 0.001). Of the 7 target pathogens, 6 were detected in samples, but only C. parvum (p = 0.001) and bovine rotavirus (p < 0.001) were found at significantly higher rates in diarrheic calves than in non-diarrheic calves. Only Eimeria spp. showed a significant linear trend between the detection rate of the pathogen and the age groups (p < 0.05).
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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