A Review on the Recycling of the Concrete Waste Generate from the Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plantsopen access
- Jeon, Ji-Hun; Lee, Woo-Chun; Lee, Sang-Woo; Kim, Soon-Oh
- Issue Date
- KOREA SOC ECONOMIC & ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
- nuclear-decommissioning facilities; radioactive waste; recycling cement; non-sintered cement; solidifier
- ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, v.54, no.2, pp.285 - 297
- Journal Title
- ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Globally, nuclear-decommissioning facilities have been increased in number, and thereby hundreds of thousands of wastes, such as concrete, soil, and metal, have been generated. For this reason, there have been numerous efforts and researches on the development of technology for volume reduction and recycling of solid radioactive wastes, and this study reviewed and examined thoroughly such previous studies. The waste concrete powder is rehydrated by other processes such as grinding and sintering, and the processes rendered aluminate (C(3)A), C(4)AF, C3S, and beta-C2S, which are the significant compounds controlling the hydration reaction of concrete and the compressive strength of the solidified matrix. The review of the previous studies confirmed that waste concretes could be used as recycling cement, but there remain problems with the decreasing strength of solidified matrix due to mingling with aggregates. There have been further efforts to improve the performance of recycling concrete via mixing with reactive agents using industrial by-products, such as blast furnace slag and fly ash. As a result, the compressive strength of the solidified matrix was proved to be enhanced. On the contrary, there have been few kinds of researches on manufacturing recycled concretes using soil wastes. Illite and zeolite in soil waste show the high adsorption capacity on radioactive nuclides, and they can be recycled as solidification agents. If the soil wastes are recycled as much as possible, the volume of wastes generated from the decommissioning of nuclear power plants (NPPs) is not only significantly reduced, but collateral benefits also are received because radioactive wastes are safely disposed of by solidification agents made from such soil wastes. Thus, it is required to study the production of non-sintered cement using clay minerals in soil wastes. This paper reviewed related domestic and foreign researches to consider the sustainable recycling of concrete waste from NPPs as recycling cement and utilizing clay minerals in soil waste to produce unsintered cement.
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