A Study of Clinical Features and Radiological Examination Evaluating Combined Vascular Diseases of Stasis Dermatitis
- Jeong, S.M.G.; Kim, C.Y.
- Issue Date
- Korean Dermatological Association
- Dermatitis; Ultrasonography; Vascular diseases; Venous insufficiency
- Korean Journal of Dermatology, v.59, no.9, pp.669 - 675
- Journal Title
- Korean Journal of Dermatology
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background: Stasis dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that occurs in the lower legs of patients with chronic venous insufficiency; however, data on combined vascular disease and stasis dermatitis are limited. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical features of patients with stasis dermatitis and combined vascular diseases. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features and combined vascular diseases of 37 patients clinically diagnosed with stasis dermatitis who visited the dermatology department from January 2017 to December 2020. Results: The average age of occurrence was 59.5 years, and the average duration of the disease was 3.2 years. Stasis dermatitis was more likely to occur in women than in men and more often in both lower legs. The major clinical features were erythematous patches. Asymptomatic symptoms were most common, followed by itching and tenderness. To evaluate vascular diseases, ultrasonography, venography computed tomography (CT), and angiography CT were performed. The most common combined vascular diseases were deep vein thrombosis, followed by varicose vein and thrombophlebitis. Most cases were treated with topical steroids and antihistamines, and anticoagulants/ antiplatelet agents were used to treat vascular diseases. Conclusion: Stasis dermatitis is mainly associated with venous dysfunction in the lower legs. Early diagnosis and fundamental treatment of combined vascular diseases by evaluating vascular function in patients suspected of stasis dermatitis are important. This study will provide dermatologists with significant data on the clinical features of stasis dermatitis and combined vascular diseases. ? 2021 Korean Dermatological Association. All rights reserved.
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