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Anatomical classification of animal bone relics excavated from the well area of Gasan-ri in Jinju [진주 가산리 우물지에서 출토된 동물뼈 유물의 해부학적 분류]open access

Authors
Choi, J.-H.Lee, S.-J.Kim, C.-S.Won, C.
Issue Date
2021
Publisher
Korean Society of Veterinary Science
Keywords
Animal bone; Archeology; Cervidae; Nyctereutes procyonides; Sus scrofa
Citation
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, v.61, no.4
Indexed
SCOPUS
KCI
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume
61
Number
4
URI
https://scholarworks.bwise.kr/gnu/handle/sw.gnu/5568
DOI
10.14405/kjvr.2021.61.e39
ISSN
2466-1384
Abstract
The classification of the bone pieces excavated from Gasan-ri archaeological site 1 in Jinju, presumed to be relics was investigated macroscopically. The remains of the animal bone were 3 classes (Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia), 5 orders (Carnivora, Artiodactyla, Galliformer, Rodentia, Salientia), and 6 species (Sus scrofa, Cervidae sp., Nyctereutes procyonides, Phasianidae, Rattus norvegicus caraco, Rana nigromaculata). The total weight of the animal bone remains was 1,002.80 g, with the identified bones comprising 975.30 g and an identification rate of 97.26%. A total of 447 animal bone fragments were identified, including 204 bone pieces of S. scrofa (468.00 g, 47.99%), 102 bone pieces of Cervidae sp. (453.79 g, 46.53%), 68 bone pieces of R. nigromaculata (4.69 g, 0.48%), 59 bone pieces of N. procyonides (47.14 g, 4.83%), 9 bone pieces of Phasianidae (0.98 g, 0.10%), and 5 bone pieces of Rattus norvegicus caraco (0.70 g, 0.07%). The bone pieces of the animal relics consisted of 81 skull (18.12%), 161 axial skeleton (36.02%), 64 forelimb (14.32%), and 141 hindlimb (31.54%) fragments. The archaeological significance of the animal bones excavated in this investigation was that wild boars and deer were presumed to have been mainly used animals in the Gasan-ri area of Jinju during the Three Kingdoms period. ? 2021 The Korean Society of Veterinary Science.
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