Effects of free metal ions and organo-metal complexes on the absorption of lead and cadmium by plantsopen access
- Lee, M.; Seo, B.; Kim, K.-R.
- Issue Date
- Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry
- Cadmium; Free metal ions; Lead; Organic acids; Organo-metal complexes
- Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry, v.64, no.2, pp.159 - 164
- Journal Title
- Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
- Start Page
- End Page
- Heavy metals exist in soils in various chemical forms including free metal ions and organo-metal complexes. The ratio of free metal ions has been known to be highly associated with the plant absorption of heavy metals. This study aims to understand the effect of free ions and organo-metal complexes on the absorption of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) by plants. For this, lettuce grown in a hydroponic system for 28 days was consequently grown another 48 hours using Pb and Cd solutions. The ratios of free ion to organo-metal complexes in the solutions were adjusted at 100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 60:40 by four different organic acids (citric, oxalic, acetic, and humic acid). After that, the concentration of Pb and Cd in lettuce were analyzed. The Pb and Cd absorption by lettuce was more relied on the types of organic acids treated and the type of metals rather than the ratio of free metal ions. For example, citric acid increased the Pb absorption while it decreased the Cd absorption by lettuce. There was no significant relationship between free metal ion ratios and both Pb and Cd uptake by lettuce. It could be explained that citric acid, a relatively higher molecular weight organic acid, has higher ion binding capacity, so it forms organo-Pb complex easily due to the higher affinity of Pb on the binding site in comparison with Cd. Consequently, this complexation would assist Pb uptake by lettuce. ? 2021, Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry. All rights reserved.
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