High-Dimensional OFDM with In-Phase/Quadrature Index Modulationopen access
- Chen, Z.; Lu, Y.; Kang, S.G.
- Issue Date
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
- bit error rate (BER); energy efficiency; high-dimensional (HD) signal constellation; Index modulation (IM); orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM); spectral efficiency
- IEEE Access, v.9, pp.44198 - 44206
- Journal Title
- IEEE Access
- Start Page
- End Page
- In this paper, we propose a new modulation scheme for wireless communications called high-dimensional orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with in-phase/quadrature index modulation (HD-OFDM-IQ-IM). In the proposed scheme, coordinate values of a symbol of the HD signal constellations are separated. A part of the coordinate values of an HD symbol are mapped to the active in-phase component subcarriers and the rest are mapped to the active quadrature component subcarriers in each OFDM subblock. A simple rule to design the HD constellation using the Gray coding and mapping is also presented. The method increases the minimum Euclidean distance between symbols of an HD signal constellation by increasing the Hamming distance of the binary sequences. As the dimension of the constellation increases, more index patterns can be produced, thus improving spectral and energy efficiency of the HD-OFDM-IQ-IM scheme. A feasible selection of subcarrier component active patterns can also produce additional index patterns to enhance spectral efficiency without additional energy consumption. In the receiver, both maximum likelihood (ML) and reduced-complexity log-likelihood ratio (LLR) detection can be exploited. As a result, the proposed scheme has better bit error performance than the conventional OFDM system with IM techniques in the frequency selective Rayleigh fading channel. In particular, it is noted that the bit error rate (BER) in the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) region is tightly limited by the upper bound on bit error probability derived in this paper. ? 2013 IEEE.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 공과대학 > 반도체공학과 > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.