농촌 지역 노인의 영양 상태, 근감소증과, 노쇠의 연관성Association between nutritional status, sarcopenia, and frailty in rural elders
- Other Titles
- Association between nutritional status, sarcopenia, and frailty in rural elders
- 이수현; 박기수
- Issue Date
- Nutritional Status; Sarcopenia; Frailty; Rural
- 농촌의학.지역보건, v.46, no.1, pp.23 - 31
- Journal Title
- Start Page
- End Page
- Objectives: Frailty and sarcopenia are recent important concepts in elder health care. Sarcopenia is the most important factor influencing frailty, and exercise and nutritional status are known to affect sarcopenia. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between nutritional status, sarcopenia, and frailty.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional design. The subjects of this study were 411 elderly people aged 65 or older from 10 villages in Gyeongnam. The survey tools were the K-FRAIL for frailty, the GDS-SF for depression, the SARC-F questionnaire for sarcopenia, and the DETERMINE for nutritional status. Frequency analysis, the chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed using the SPSS 25.0 program.
Results: As a result of the chi-square test, there was a significant difference in the nutritional status and the frailty proportion (p<0.001), and there was a significant difference between frailty and suspected sarcopenia (p<0.001).
After adjustment, nutritional status was significantly associated with sarcopenia (OR=2.946, p<0.001).
In addition, nutritional status was significantly associated with frailty (OR=2.958, p<0.001), and sarcopenia also had a significant effect on frailty (OR=5.898, p<0.001). Finally, even after including sarcopenia, nutritional status had a significant effect on frailty (OR=2.246, p=0.002).
Conclusions: Nutritional status can have both a direct effect on frailty and an indirect effect through sarcopenia, and it was found that sarcopenia also affects frailty. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate sarcopenia and nutritional status and to evaluate their levels in the elderly and to take appropriate interventions.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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