일부 치위생과 여학생들의 공감능력 및 의사소통능력과 장애인에 대한 태도와의 연관성The relationship between empathic ability, communication competence, and attitudes toward the disabled among female dental hygiene students
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- The relationship between empathic ability, communication competence, and attitudes toward the disabled among female dental hygiene students
- 박혜민; 김장락; 강윤식; 정백근
- Issue Date
- Attitudes toward the disabled; Communication competence; Empathy ability; Patients with special needs; Perspective-taking ability
- 대한치위생과학회지, v.4, no.2, pp.43 - 52
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- Background: To explore the empathic abilities, communication competence, and attitudes toward the disabled, and to identify the relationship between these variables among female dental hygiene students.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 190 female students in their second and third year of study at the dental hygiene department of a university located in Gyeongsangnam-do province, South Korea, from September 2–11, 2020. Data were analyzed using descriptive analyses, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlation, and multiple regression using SPSS 20.0.
Results: The participants’ scores for empathic abilities, communication competence, and attitudes toward the disabled were 3.63, 3.69, and 3.54 points, respectively. A significant positive correlation was observed between empathic abilities and attitudes toward the disabled. Regarding the sub-elements of empathic abilities, the participants’ attitudes toward the disabled had a significant positive correlation with the scales measuring their perspective-taking abilities and personal distress (p<.05). A positive correlation (p<.05) was observed between communication competence and attitudes toward the disabled. The students’ attitudes toward the disabled were significantly influenced by the scale measuring their perspective-taking abilities (B=.210); those with a higher perspective-taking ability displayed more positive attitudes toward the disabled.
Conclusion: Female dental hygiene students showed empathic abilities, which positively influenced their attitudes toward the disabled. Positive attitudes toward the disabled can contribute to improving the quality of medical services.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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