Induction of Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Dysfunction by Juglone Affects the Development of Bovine Oocytesopen access
- Mesalam, Ahmed Atef; El-Sheikh, Marwa; Joo, Myeong-Don; Khalil, Atif Ali Khan; Mesalam, Ayman; Ahn, Mi-Jeong; Kong, Il-Keun
- Issue Date
- juglone; ROS; apoptosis; cleavage; bovine; oocyte; blastocyst; IVM
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.22, no.1
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- Juglone, a major naphthalenedione component of walnut trees, has long been used in traditional medicine as an antimicrobial and antitumor agent. Nonetheless, its impact on oocyte and preimplantation embryo development has not been entirely clarified. Using the bovine model, we sought to elucidate the impact of juglone treatment during the in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes on their maturation and development of embryos. Results showed a severe reduction in oocyte nuclear maturation and cumulus expansion and a significant increase in mitochondrial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) treated with juglone (12.5, 25.0, and 50.0 mu M). In addition, RT-qPCR showed downregulation of the expansion-related (HAS2, TNFAIP6, PTX3, and PTGS2) and mitochondrial (ATPase6 and ATP5F1E) genes in juglone-treated COCs. Moreover, the development rates of day 4 total cleavage and 8-16 cell stage embryos, as well as day 8 blastocysts, were significantly reduced following exposure to juglone. Using immunofluorescence, the apoptotic marker caspase-9 was overexpressed in oocytes exposed to juglone (25.0 mu M) compared to the untreated control. In conclusion, our study reports that exposing bovine oocytes to 12.5-50.0 mu M of juglone can reduce their development through the direct induction of ROS accumulation, apoptosis, and mitochondrial dysfunction.
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