Efficient recovery of palladium nanoparticles from industrial wastewater and their catalytic activity toward reduction of 4-nitrophenol
- Lee, Seung Jun; Yu, Yiseul; Jung, Hyeon Jin; Naik, Shreyanka Shankar; Yeon, Sanghun; Choi, Myong Yong
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Pulsed laser process; Palladium recovery; Industrial wastewater; Metal catalyst; 4-Nitrophenol
- CHEMOSPHERE, v.262
- Journal Title
- Discharge of heavy metals from various sources of industrial wastewater poses significant environmental and health concerns. Thus, efficient recovery of precious metals from wastewater employing sustainable, rapid, and cost-effective treatment methods is highly desirable. In this work, palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) were successfully recovered from industrial wastewater using a pulsed laser process in the absence of additives or reducing agents. Notably, the developed approach is faster and more environmentally friendly than other conventional recovery methods. The recovered Pd NPs were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Various pulsed laser parameters (i.e., laser wavelength, power, and irradiation time) were optimized to obtain ideal conditions for the pulsed laser ablation process. Effective recovery of the Pd metal from industrial wastewater was achieved at a laser wavelength of 355 nm, power of 40 mJ/pulse, and irradiation time of 30 min. The Pd NPs exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Thus, the recovered materials showed remarkable potential for application in degradation of toxic aromatic nitro compounds in the environment. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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