Achieving high porosity and large recovery strain in Ni-free high Zr-containing Ti-Zr-based shape memory alloy scaffolds by fiber metallurgy
- Li, Shuanglei; Kim, Yeon-wook; Choi, Mi-seon; Nam, Tae-hyun
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- Porous materials; Shape-memory alloys; Superelasticity; Rapid solidification; Annealing; Biomedical
- INTERMETALLICS, v.128
- Journal Title
- Highly porous Ti-40Zr-8Nb-2Sn (at.%) shape memory alloy scaffolds were prepared by fiber metallurgy using rapidly solidified alloy fibers for the application of cancellous bone replacement. The phase constituents of alloy fibers and scaffolds were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), superelastic behavior of alloy fibers was investigated by means of the dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA), microstructures and mechanical properties of scaffolds were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and compressive test, respectively. As-spun alloy fibers consisted of only beta phase at room temperature. Clear superelastic behavior was observed in the as-spun alloy fibers at temperatures between 153 K and 298 K. The scaffolds showed threedimensional networks with fiber-fiber bonds, whose porosity and pore size was about 80% and larger than 100 mu m, respectively. The compressive yield stress and elastic modulus of the scaffold annealed at 973 K for 1.8 ks were about 4.0 MPa and 0.3 GPa, respectively, similar to those of cancellous bone. Recoverable strain in the scaffold was improved from 2.8% to 4.0% after annealed at 973 K due to the absence of alpha phase formed in the as sintered scaffold. Stable cyclic superelastic behavior was observed in the annealed scaffolds at room temperature.
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- 공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles
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