SHP2 Nuclear/Cytoplasmic Trafficking in Granulosa Cells Is Essential for Oocyte Meiotic Resumption and Maturationopen access
- Idrees, Muhammad; Kumar, Vikas; Joo, Myeong-Don; Ali, Niaz; Lee, Keun-Woo; Kong, Il-Keun
- Issue Date
- FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
- granulosa cells; SHP2; ER-& #945; Nppc; Npr2; ERK1; 2; COV434 cell line; protein-protein docking; molecular dynamics simulations
- FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, v.8
- Journal Title
- FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
- Src-homology-2-containing phosphotyrosine phosphatase (SHP2), a classic cytoplasmic protein and a major regulator of receptor tyrosine kinases and G protein-coupled receptors, plays a significant role in preimplantation embryo development. In this study, we deciphered the role of SHP2 in the somatic compartment of oocytes during meiotic maturation. SHP2 showed nuclear/cytoplasmic localization in bovine cumulus and human granulosa (COV434) cells. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) treatment significantly enhanced cytoplasmic SHP2 localization, in contrast to the E-2 treatment, which augmented nuclear localization. Enhanced cytoplasmic SHP2 was found to negatively regulate the expression of the ER alpha-transcribed NPPC and NPR2 mRNAs, which are vital for oocyte meiotic arrest. The co-immunoprecipitation results revealed the presence of the SHP2/ER alpha complex in the germinal vesicle-stage cumulus-oocyte complexes, and this complex significantly decreased with the progression of meiotic maturation. The complex formation between ER alpha and SHP2 was also confirmed by using a series of computational modeling methods. To verify the correlation between SHP2 and NPPC/NPR2, SHP2 was knocked down via RNA interference, and NPPC and NPR2 mRNAs were analyzed in the control, E-2, and FSH-stimulated COV434 cells. Furthermore, phenyl hydrazonopyrazolone sulfonate 1, a site-directed inhibitor of active SHP2, showed no significant effect on the ER alpha-transcribed NPPC and NPR2 mRNAs. Taken together, these findings support a novel nuclear/cytoplasmic role of SHP2 in oocyte meiotic resumption and maturation.
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