Induction of Stem Cell Like Cells from Mouse Embryonic Fibroblast by Short-Term Shear Stress and Vitamin Copen access
- Yeom, Seungmin; Lee, Myung Chul; Pandey, Shambhavi; Lim, Jaewoon; Park, Sangbae; Kim, Jae Eun; Jang, Kyoung Je; Seonwoo, Hoon; Garg, Pankaj; Chung, Jong Hoon
- Issue Date
- mouse embryonic fibroblast; reprogramming; sphere formation; shear stress; vitamin C
- APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v.11, no.4
- Journal Title
- APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL
- Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a good medicine source because of their potential to differentiate into various tissues or cells. However, traditionally, iPSCs made by specific transgenes and virus vectors are not appropriate for clinical use because of safety concerns and risk of tumor development. The goal of this research was to develop an alternative method for reprogramming, using small molecules and external stimuli. Two groups were established: short-term shear stress (STSS) under suspension culture and a combination of short-term shear stress and vitamin C (SSVC) under suspension culture. For STSS, the pipetting was carried out for cells twice per day for 2 min for 14 days in the embryonic stem cell (ES) medium. In the case of SSVC, the procedure was the same as for STSS however, its ES medium included 10 mu M of vitamin C. After 14 days, all spheroids were picked and checked for pluripotency by ALP (alkaline phosphatase) assay and immunocytochemistry. Both groups partially showed the characteristics of stem cells but data demonstrated that the spheroids under shear stress and vitamin C had improved stem cell-like properties. This research showed the possibility of external stimuli and small molecules to reprogram the somatic cells without the use of transgenes.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 생물산업기계공학과 > Journal Articles
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