Genetic polymorphism of vir genes of Plasmodium vivax in Myanmar
- Na, Byoung-Kuk; Kim, Tong-Soo; Lin, Khin; Baek, Moon-Chang; Chung, Dong-Il; Hong, Yeonchul; Goo, Youn-Kyoung
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
- Plasmodium vivax; Myanmar; vir gene; Genetic diversity
- PARASITOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, v.80
- Journal Title
- PARASITOLOGY INTERNATIONAL
- The Plasmodium vivax variant proteins encoded by vir genes are highly polymorphic antigens and are considered as one of key proteins of P. vivax for host immune evasion via antigenic variations. Because genetic diversity of these antigens is a critical hurdle in the development of an effective vaccine, understanding the genetic nature of the vir genes in natural population is important. In this study, we selected four vir genes (vir 4, vir 12, vir 21, and vir 27) previously used for genetic analysis in several studies and evaluated the genetic polymorphisms and phylogenetic relationship of these 4 vir genes in Myanmar P. vivax population. Taken all genetic diversity values, the vir 12 (S = 168, H = 17, Hd = 0.854, Tajima's D value = 2.91524) was the most genetically diverse gene and the vir 4 (S = 9, H = 4, Hd = 0.744, Tajima's D value = -0.49151) was the most conserved gene. All phylogenetic trees showed two clades, and vir 4 and 12 haplotypes from Myanmar were clustered in a distinct clade with those from India and Republic of Korea. These results confirmed the pattern of high genetic polymorphism of vir genes and provided information on vir gene for further functional research and studies focused toward the practical use of vir genes.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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