Viscoelastic properties of clot formation and their clinical impact in East Asian versus Caucasian patients with stable coronary artery disease: a COMPARE-RACE analysis
- Jeong, Young-Hoon; Kevin, Bliden; Ahn, Jong-Hwa; Chaudhary, Rahul; Kang, Min Gyu; Park, Hyun Woong; Koh, Jin-Sin; Park, Yongwhi; Tantry, Udaya S.; Gurbel, Paul A.
- Issue Date
- East asians; Caucasians; Coronary artery disease; Cardiovascular events; Platelet -fibrin clot strength
- JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND THROMBOLYSIS, v.51, no.2, pp.454 - 465
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND THROMBOLYSIS
- Start Page
- End Page
- Compared with Caucasian patients, East Asian patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have demonstrated better clinical outcomes. We sought to compare the viscoelastic properties of clot formation and their impact on clinical outcomes in East Asian vs. Caucasian patients. We analyzed age- and sex-matched East Asian and Caucasian patients with stable CAD (n = 249 each). Viscoelastic properties of clot formation were assessed with thromboelastography (TEG), and 3-year clinical outcomes were recorded. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Compared with Caucasians, East Asians showed lower platelet-fibrin clot strength (PFCS) (maximum amplitude [MA]: 61.8 +/- 7.9 vs. 65.4 +/- 5.0 mm, p < 0.001). In a multivariate analysis, high PFCS (defined as MA >= 68 mm) was significantly associated with MACE occurrence (odds ratio 6.27, 95% CI 2.41 to 16.30, p < 0.001). East Asians vs. Caucasians had lower prevalence of high PFCS (odds ratio 0.50, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.93, p = 0.028). In conclusion, this is the first study to demonstrate different viscoelastic properties of clot between East Asian and Caucasian patients with stable CAD. The platelet-fibrin clot strength was significantly associated with MACE in these patients and was significantly lower in East Asians. Future studies are warranted to further explore the mechanistic explanation and clinical importance of these findings.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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