Safflower Seed Extract Attenuates the Development of Osteoarthritis by Blocking NF-kappa B Signalingopen access
- Han, Seong Jae; Lim, Min Ju; Lee, Kwang Min; Oh, Eunjeong; Shin, Yu Su; Kim, Seokho; Kim, Joong Sun; Yun, Seung Pil; Kang, Li-Jung
- Issue Date
- N-feruloyl serotonin; N-(p-coumaroyl) serotonin; osteoarthritis; nuclear factor-kappa B
- PHARMACEUTICALS, v.14, no.3
- Journal Title
- Although safflower seed extract exhibits pharmacological activity against various diseases, the effects of its individual compounds on osteoarthritis (OA) have not been elucidated. Here, we evaluated the effects of these extracts and their single compounds on OA. N-(p-Coumaroyl) serotonin and N-feruloyl serotonin, main components of safflower seed extract, were isolated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Under in vitro OA mimic conditions, the expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP3/13 and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) ADAMTS5 were reduced in mouse chondrocytes treated with safflower seed extract. Furthermore, the oral administration of safflower seed extract attenuated cartilage destruction in a mouse OA model induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus. N-(p-Coumaroyl) serotonin and N-feruloyl serotonin, but not serotonin, reduced MMP3, MMP13, and ADAMTS5 expression in IL-1 beta-treated chondrocytes. Additionally, they significantly blocked the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) pathway by inhibiting I kappa B degradation and p65 phosphorylation. Our results suggest that safflower seed extract and its single compounds can attenuate cartilage destruction by suppressing MMP and ADMATS5 expression. The anti-arthritic effects are mediated by NF-kappa B signaling and involve the inhibition of I kappa B degradation and p65 phosphorylation. These results indicate that safflower seed extract may serve as a novel therapeutic agent against OA.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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