A CFD Study on Flow Control of Ammonia Injection for Denitrification Processes of SCR Systems in Coal-Fired Power Plantsopen access
- Kim, Min-Gyu; Seo, Deok-Cheol; Chung, Hee-Taeg
- Issue Date
- denitrification; ammonia injection; numerical analysis; molar ratio; flow control; ammonia injection
- ENERGIES, v.14, no.5
- Journal Title
- The selective catalytic reduction method is a useful method for the denitrification process of exhaust gas emitted from industrial facilities. The distribution of the ammonia-nitrogen oxide mixing ratio at the inlet of the catalyst layers is important in the denitrification process. In this study, a computational analysis technique was used to improve the uniformity of the NH3/NO molar ratio by controlling the flow rate of the ammonia injection nozzle according to the flow distribution of nitrogen oxides in the inlet exhaust gas of the denitrification facility. The application model was simplified to the two-dimensional array adopted from the existing selective catalytic reduction (SCR) process in the large-scaled coal-fired power plant. As the inlet conditions, four (4) types of flow pattern were simulated, i.e., parabolic, upper-skewed, lower-skewed, and random. The flow rate of the eight (8) nozzles installed in the ammonia injection grid was controlled by Design Xplorer as the optimization tool. In order to solve the two-dimensional steady, incompressible, and viscous flow fields, the commercial software named ANSYS Fluent was used with the kappa-epsilon turbulence model. The root mean square of NH3/NO molar ratio at the inlet of the catalyst layer has been improved from 84.6% to 90.1% by controlling the flow rate of the ammonia injection nozzles. From the present numerical simulation, the operation guide could be drawn for the ammonia injection nozzles in SCR DeNO(x) facilities.
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- 공과대학 > Department of Mechanical Engineering > Journal Articles
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