Correlation Between Testosterone Replacement Treatment and Lower Urinary Tract Symptomsopen access
- Lee, Min Ho; Shin, Yu Seob; Kam, Sung Chul
- Issue Date
- KOREAN CONTINENCE SOC
- Androgens; Benign prostatic hyperplasia; Hypogonadism; Lower urinary tract symptoms; Testosterone
- INTERNATIONAL NEUROUROLOGY JOURNAL, v.25, no.1, pp.12 - 22
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL NEUROUROLOGY JOURNAL
- Start Page
- End Page
- Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a cluster of voiding symptoms, such as weak stream, hesitancy, intermittency, urinary frequency, urgency, and nocturia. LUTS are frequent in elderly men and it considered the ultimate clinical symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. With aging, male hypogonadism is increased which is defined as decreased ability of the testes to produce sperm and sex steroids because of a pituitary/hypothalamic, or testicular deficiency. In academic andrology associations, the term "male hypogonadism" is commonly used to categorize testosterone deficiency. Testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) is defined as a decrease in serum testosterone accompanied by symptoms such as libido decrease, depressive disorder, erectile dysfunction, and fatigue. Although the mechanism about testosterone-replacement therapy (TRT) effects on men with hypogonadism is not yet identified, TRT has been shown to effectively relieve the symptoms of TDS as well as LUTS by several studies. Although the present review demonstrates the effectiveness and safety of TRT in men with TDS by prior studies, future large scale of clinical trials should be conducted to present more high-quality evidence to clinicians and patients.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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