Feasibility study of ultra-low-dose dedicated maxillofacial computed tomography using filter-based spectral shaping in patients with craniofacial trauma: assessment of image quality and radiation doseopen access
- Ha, Ji Young; Baek, Hye Jin; Ryu, Kyeong Hwa; Cho, Eun
- Issue Date
- AME PUBL CO
- Low dose CT; maxillofacial CT; Tin filtration; spectral shaping; trauma
- QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY, v.11, no.4, pp.1292 - 1302
- Journal Title
- QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background: In the setting of multiple trauma, radiation exposure is considered a relevant issue because patients may require repeated imaging to evaluate injuries in different body parts. Recently, spectral shaping of the X-ray beam has been shown to be beneficial in reducing radiation exposure. We investigated the clinical feasibility of a tin-filtered 100 kV protocol for the diagnostic use, compared to routine dedicated maxillofacial CT at 120 kVp in patients with craniofacial trauma; we assessed the image quality, radiation dose, and interobserver agreement. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 100 consecutive patients who underwent dedicated maxillofacial CT for craniofacial trauma. Fifty patients were examined with a tin-filtered 100 kV protocol performed using a third generation dual source CT. The other 50 patients were examined with a standard protocol on a different scanner. Two readers independently evaluated image quality subjectively and objectively, and the interobserver agreement was also assessed. CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) and dose-length product (DLP) were recorded to compare radiation exposure. A quality-control phantom was also scanned to prospectively assess the impact of tin filtration. Results: All CT scans showed diagnostic image quality for evaluating craniofacial fractures. The tin filtered 100 kV protocol showed sufficient-to-good image quality for diagnostic use; however, overall image quality and anatomic delineation from the tin-filtered 100 kV protocol were significantly lower than from the standard protocol. Interobserver agreement was moderate to almost perfect (k=0.56-0.85). Image noises in the air, eye globe, and retrobulbar fat were comparable between the two protocols (P>0.05), whereas both signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio in the eye globe and retrobulbar fat showed a significant difference (P<0.05). The tin-filtered 100 kV protocol showed a significant reduction in radiation dose compared to the standard protocol: CTDIvol, 3.33 vs. 30.5 mGy (P<0.001); and DLP, 70.70 vs. 669.43 mGy*cm (P<0.001). The phantom study also demonstrated a lower radiation dose for the tin-filter 100 kV protocol compared to the standard protocol. Conclusions: Dedicated maxillofacial CT using spectral shaping with tin filtration can allow a significant reduction in radiation dose while maintaining sufficient diagnostic image quality, when compared to the standard protocol.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.