Genetic Diversity and Distribution of Korean Isolates of Burkholderia glumaeopen access
- Choi, Okhee; Kim, Seunghoe; Kang, Byeongsam; Lee, Yeyeong; Bae, Juyoung; Kim, Jinwoo
- Issue Date
- AMER PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC
- Burkholderia glumae; genetic diversity; PCR fingerprinting; rice grain rot
- PLANT DISEASE, v.105, no.5, pp.1398 - 1407
- Journal Title
- PLANT DISEASE
- Start Page
- End Page
- Burkholderia glumae causes panicle blight of rice (grain rot in Japan and Korea), and the severity of damage is increasing worldwide. During 2017 and 2018, 137 isolates of B. glumae were isolated from symptomatic grain rot of rice cultivated in paddy fields throughout South Korea. Genetic diversity of the isolates was determined using transposase-based PCR (Tnp-PCR) genomic fingerprinting. All 138 isolates, including the B. glumae BGR1 strain, produced toxoflavin in various amounts, and 17 isolates produced an unidentified purple or orange pigment on Luria-Bertani medium and casamino acid-peptone-glucose medium, respectively, at 28 degrees C. Transposase-based PCR genomic fingerprinting was performed using a novel primer designed based on transposase (tap) gene sequences located at the ends of the toxoflavin efflux transporter operon; this method provided reliable and reproducible results. Through Tnp-PCR genomic fingerprinting, the genetic groups of Korean B. glumae isolates were divided into 11 clusters and three divisions. The Korean B. glumae isolates were mainly grouped in division I (73%). Interestingly, most of the pigment-producing isolates were grouped in divisions II and III; of these, 10 were grouped in cluster VIII, which comprised 67% of this cluster. Results of a phylogenetic analysis based on tofl and hrpB gene sequences were consistent with classification by Tnp-PCR genomic fingerprinting. The BGR1 strain did not belong to any of the clusters, indicating that this strain does not exhibit the typical genetic representation of B. glumae. B. glumae isolates showed diversity in the use of carbon and nitrogen sources, but no correlation with genetic classification by PCR fingerprinting was found. This is the first study to analyze the geographical distribution and genetic diversity of Korean B. glumae isolates.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 식물의학과 > Journal Articles
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