Regulatory molecule cAMP changes cell fitness of the engineered Escherichia coli for terpenoids production
- Jeong, Seong-Hee; Park, Ji-Bin; Wang, Yan; Kim, Gye-Hwan; Zhang, Gaochuan; Wei, Gongyuan; Wang, Chonglong; Kim, Seon-Won
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- Cell fitness; cAMP; Terpenoids; Adenylate cyclase; Metabolic engineering
- METABOLIC ENGINEERING, v.65, pp.178 - 184
- Journal Title
- METABOLIC ENGINEERING
- Start Page
- End Page
- Terpenoids are a class of natural compounds with many important functions and applications. They are synthesized from a long synthetic pathway of isoprenyl unit coupling with the myriads of terpene synthases. Owing to the catalytic divergence of terpenoids synthesis, microbial production of terpenoids is compromised to the complexity of pathway engineering and suffers from the metabolic engineering burden. In this work, the adaptive Escherichia coli HP variant exhibited a general cell fitness in terpenoid synthesis. Especially, it could yield taxadiene of 193.2 mg/L in a test tube culture, which is a five-fold increase over the production in the wild type E. coli DH5?. Mutational analyses indicated that IS10 insertion in adenylate cyclase CyaA (CyaAHP) resulted in lowering intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP), which could regulate its receptor protein CRP to rewire cell metabolism and contributed to the improved cell fitness. Our results suggested a way to manipulate cell fitness for terpenoids production and other products.
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