Clinical Significance of Intra-operative Gastroscopy for Tumor Localization in Totally Laparoscopic Partial Gastrectomy
- Park, Shin-Hoo; Lee, Hyuk-Joon; Park, Ji-Ho; Kim, Tae-Han; Son, Young-Gil; Huh, Yeon-Ju; Choi, Jong-Ho; Kim, Sa-Hong; Park, Ji-Hyeon; Suh, Yun-Suhk; Chung, Hyunsoo; Kong, Seong-Ho; Park, Do Joong; Yang, Han-Kwang
- Issue Date
- Laparoscopic gastrectomy; Intracorporeal anastomosis; Intra-operative gastroscopy; Margin safety
- JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY, v.25, no.5, pp.1134 - 1146
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY
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- End Page
- Background Tumor localization during totally laparoscopic gastrectomy is challenging owing to the invisibility of tumors on the serosal surface. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of intra-operative gastroscopy in totally laparoscopic partial gastrectomy. Methods We reviewed 1084 gastric cancer patients who underwent either intra- or extracorporeal partial gastrectomy between 2014 and 2018. The intracorporeal group with intra-operative gastroscopy (intra-operative gastroscopy group,n= 187), the intracorporeal group without intra-operative gastroscopy (non-intra-operative gastroscopy group,n= 267), and the extracorporeal group (n= 630) were evaluated for the adequacy of surgical resection margins. We assessed whether total gastrectomy could be avoided according to the performance of intra-operative gastroscopy if the tumor was located within 3-5 cm away from the gastroesophageal junction. Results The proximal margin positivity was lesser in the intra-operative gastroscopy group than in the non-intra-operative gastroscopy group (0% versus 2.2%;P= 0.045) but similar to that in the extracorporeal group (0% versus 0.6%;P= 0.579). The number of cases with proximal resection margins < 1 cm was lower in the intra-operative gastroscopy group than in the non-intra-operative gastroscopy group (3.7% versus 9.4%;P= 0.025) but comparable with that in the extracorporeal group (3.7% versus 4.1%;P= 0.815). Among 94 patients with lesions located within 3-5 cm apart from the gastroesophageal junction, the intra-operative gastroscopy group (n= 47) had fewer patients who underwent total gastrectomy than the non-intra-operative gastroscopy group (n= 47) (12.8% versus 44.7%;P= 0.001). Intra-operative gastroscopy was the only independent factor that prevented total gastrectomy (P= 0.001). Conclusion Intra-operative gastroscopy can provide margin safety during intracorporeal partial gastrectomy, avoiding unnecessary total gastrectomy.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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