Production of copper nanoparticles exhibiting various morphologies via pulsed laser ablation in different solvents and their catalytic activity for reduction of toxic nitroaromatic compounds
- Begildayeva, Talshyn; Lee, Seung Jun; Yu, Yiseul; Park, Juhyeon; Kim, Tae Ho; Theerthagiri, Jayaraman; Ahn, Ahreum; Jung, Hyeon Jin; Choi, Myong Yong
- Issue Date
- Copper catalyst; Nanosecond laser ablation in liquid; Solvent effect; 4-Nitrophenol; Nitrobenzene
- JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, v.409
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
- Comparative experiments were conducted to determine the effects of various solvents (i.e., deionized water, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, butanol, ethylene glycol, hexane, and acetonitrile) on the final compositions, morphologies, and catalytic activities of copper-based nanoparticles (NPs). The NPs were effectively synthesized by pulsed laser ablation (PLA) using a copper plate as the target. The obtained copper NPs were characterized utilizing various analytical techniques. It was established that the developed methodology allows for the production of NPs with different morphologies and compositions in a safe and simple manner. When laser ablation of a solid copper plate was performed in acetonitrile, the formation of copper(I) cyanide cubes was observed. On the other hand, in deionized water and methanol, spherical and rod-like particles of copper(I) and copper(II) oxide were detected, respectively. The catalytic activity of the prepared copper NPs in the reduction of aromatic nitro compounds, such as 4-nitrophenol and nitrobenzene, was also evaluated. A high k value was determined for the reduction over the copper(II) oxide NPs produced in methanol. Moreover, particles with graphitic carbon (GC) layers exhibited superior catalytic performance in the reduction of a hydrophobic substance, i.e., nitrobenzene, over the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. The enhanced catalytic activity of this catalyst may be due its unique surface morphology and the synergistic effects between the copper nanostructure and the GC layer. Lastly, a detailed reduction pathway mechanism for the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol and nitrobenzene has been proposed.
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- 자연과학대학 > 화학과 > Journal Articles
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