Binder-free and high-loading sulfurized polyacrylonitrile cathode for lithium/sulfur batteriesopen access
- Kim, Huihun; Kim, Changhyeon; Sadan, Milan K.; Yeo, Hyewon; Cho, Kwon-Koo; Kim, Ki-Won; Ahn, Jou-Hyeon; Ahn, Hyo-Jun
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- RSC ADVANCES, v.11, no.26, pp.16122 - 16130
- Journal Title
- RSC ADVANCES
- Start Page
- End Page
- Sulfurized polyacrylonitrile (SPAN) is a promising active material for Li/S batteries owing to its high sulfur utilization and long-term cyclability. However, because SPAN electrodes are synthesized using powder, they require large amounts of electrolyte, conducting agents, and binder, which reduces the practical energy density. Herein, to improve the practical energy density, we fabricated bulk-type SPAN disk cathodes from pressed sulfur and polyacrylonitrile powders using a simple heating process. The SPAN disks could be used directly as cathode materials because their pi-pi structures provide molecular-level electrical connectivity. In addition, the electrodes had interconnected pores, which improved the mobility of Li+ ions by allowing homogeneous adsorption of the electrolyte. The specific capacity of the optimal electrode was very high (517 mA h g(electrode)(-1)). Furthermore, considering the weights of the anode, separator, cathode, and electrolyte, the Li/S cell exhibited a high practical energy density of 250 W h kg(-1). The areal capacity was also high (8.5 mA h cm(-2)) owing to the high SPAN loading of 16.37 mg cm(-2). After the introduction of 10 wt% multi-walled carbon nanotubes as a conducting agent, the SPAN disk electrode exhibited excellent cyclability while maintaining a high energy density. This strategy offers a potential candidate for Li/S batteries with high practical energy densities.
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- 공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles
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