Acutely increased beta-hydroxybutyrate plays a role in the prefrontal cortex to escape stressful conditions during the acute stress responseopen access
- Son, Hyeonwi; Baek, Ji Hyeong; Kang, Jae Soon; Jung, Soonwoong; Chung, Hye Jin; Kim, Hyun Joon
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- Ketone body; beta-Hydroxybutyrate; Acute stress; Stress response; Prefrontal cortex
- BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, v.554, pp.19 - 24
- Journal Title
- BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
- Start Page
- End Page
- Ketone bodies can be increased in the blood under certain physiological conditions, but their role under such conditions remains to be clarified. In the present study, we found the increment and usage of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during acute stress. BHB levels increased in the blood and PFC after 30-min acute immobilization stress, and BHB dehydrogenase 1 increased in the PFC simultaneously, but not in the hippocampus. Moreover, increased levels of acetyl-CoA, pyruvate carboxylase, and glutamate dehydrogenase 1 were found in the PFC, implicating the metabolism of increased BHB in the brain. Thus, we checked the levels of glutamate, glutamine, and GABA and found increased levels of glutamate and glutamine in the stressed group compared with that in the control group in the PFC. Exogenous administration of BHB enhanced struggling behaviors under stressful conditions. Our results suggest that the metabolism of BHB from peripheral blood in the PFC may contribute to acute stress responses to escape stressful conditions. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
- 약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal Articles
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