Serum albumin is a predictor of respiratory hospitalization in patients with bronchiectasisopen access
- Ju, Sunmi; Jeong, Jong Hwan; Heo, Manbong; Heo, I. Re; Kim, Tae Hoon; Kim, Ho Cheol; Yoo, Jung-Wan; Cho, Yu Ji; Jeong, Yi Yeong; Lee, Jong Deog; Lee, Seung Jun
- Issue Date
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
- Bronchiectasis; albumin; bronchiectasis severity index; FACED score; respiratory hospitalization
- CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE, v.18
- Journal Title
- CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE
- We evaluated serum albumin as an index for predicting respiratory hospitalization in patients with bronchiectasis. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 177 patients with bronchiectasis, categorized them into low and normal albumin groups, and compared their clinical characteristics. The prediction of respiratory hospitalization by factors such as serum albumin level, bronchiectasis severity index (BSI), and FACED score (an acronym derived from five variables of forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FEV1, age, chronic colonization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, extent of bronchiectasis, and dyspnea) was assessed. There were 15 and 162 patients categorized in the low and normal albumin groups, respectively. The low albumin group had lower body mass index and forced expiratory volume in 1 s, and higher age, frequency of previous respiratory hospitalization, percentage of Pseudomonas colonization, number of affected lobes, BSI and FACED scores, and C-reactive protein (CRP) level, than the normal albumin group. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of serum albumin level and BSI and FACED scores for predicting respiratory hospitalization were 0.732 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.647-0.816), 0.873 (95% CI, 0.817-0.928), and 0.708 (95% CI, 0.618-0.799), respectively. Albumin level, CRP, modified Medical Research Council score, and chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (and other organisms) colonization were independent risk factors for respiratory hospitalization. Low serum albumin level was associated with worse clinical condition, higher severity scores, and respiratory hospitalization in patients with bronchiectasis.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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