Effects of Monotherapy with Clopidogrel vs. Aspirin on Vascular Function and Hemostatic Measurements in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: The Prospective, Crossover I-LOVE-MONO Trialopen access
- Park, Hyun-Woong; Kang, Min-Gyu; Ahn, Jong-Hwa; Bae, Jae-Seok; Tantry, Udaya S.; Gurbel, Paul A.; Jeong, Young-Hoon
- Issue Date
- aspirin; clopidogrel; platelet; endothelium; coagulation
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, v.10, no.12
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
- Objectives: To evaluate the effect of clopidogrel vs. aspirin monotherapy on vascular function and hemostatic measurement. Background: Monotherapy with P2Y(12) receptor inhibitor vs. aspirin can be a useful alterative to optimize clinical efficacy and safety in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: We performed a randomized, open-label, two-period crossover study in stented patients receiving at least 6-month of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Thirty CAD patients with moderate-to-high ischemic risk were randomly assigned to receive either 75 mg of clopidogrel or 100 mg of aspirin daily for 4 weeks, and were crossed over to the other strategy for 4 weeks. Vascular function was evaluated with reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Hemostatic profiles were measured with VerifyNow and thromboelastography (TEG). The primary endpoint was the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) during clopidogrel or aspirin monotherapy. Results: Clopidogrel vs. aspirin monotherapy was associated with better endothelial function (RHI: 2.11 +/- 0.77% vs. 1.87 +/- 0.72%, p = 0.045), lower platelet reactivity (130 +/- 64 vs. 214 +/- 50 P2Y12 reaction unit [PRU], p < 0.001) and prolonged reaction time (TEG R: 5.5 +/- 1.2 vs. 5.1 +/- 1.1 min, p = 0.037). In multivariate analysis, normal endothelial function (RHI >= 2.1) was significantly associated with clot kinetics (TEG angle <= 68 degree) and 'PRU <= 132'. 'PRU <= 132' was achieved in 46.2% vs. 3.8% during clopidogrel administration vs. aspirin monotherapy (odds ratio 21.4, 95% confidence interval 2.7 to 170.1, p < 0.001). Conclusions: In CAD patients, clopidogrel vs. aspirin monotherapy was associated with better endothelial function, greater platelet inhibition and lower coagulation activity, suggesting pleiotropic effects of clopidogrel on endothelial function and hemostatic profiles.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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