Gender difference in the overlap of irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia: a prospective nationwide multicenter study in Korea
- Nam, Kwangwoo; Kim, Nayoung; Song, Hyun Joo; Baik, Gwang Ho; Choi, Suck Chei; Kim, Hyun Jin; Lee, Ju Yup; Park, Kyung Sik; Park, Sun-Young; Park, Seun Ja
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER JAPAN KK
- Gender; Dyspepsia; Irritable bowel syndrome; Overlap; Functional gastrointestinal disorders
- JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, v.56, no.6, pp.537 - 546
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background The overlap between functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with more severe gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and lower quality of life. However, the gender differences in FD-IBS overlap remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the gender differences in patients with FD-IBS overlap. Methods Controls and cases were prospectively enrolled from July 2019 to June 2020 at nine tertiary referral centers. The patients underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and their symptoms were evaluated using a questionnaire including GI symptom-related items and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS). FD and IBS were diagnosed according to the Rome IV criteria, and the clinical characteristics of the FD-IBS overlap group were compared with those of the FD-only or IBS-only group. Results Among 667 subjects (334 healthy controls, 168 with FD-only, 37 with IBS-only, 128 with FD-IBS overlap), the FD-IBS overlap group (19.2%) showed a higher rate of preference for dairy products, a higher rate of history of Helicobacter pylori eradication, and higher HADS scores than the non-overlap group (P < 0.05). In the FD-IBS overlap group, men complained of reflux symptom and loose/watery stools more than women (P < 0.05), whereas women showed more severe GI symptoms, especially epigastric pain/burning symptoms, and higher depression scores than men (all P < 0.05). Conclusions FD-IBS overlap patients are associated with severe upper GI symptoms and depression compared to non-overlap patients. Moreover, women with FD-IBS overlap experience more severe GI and depression symptoms than men.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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