P2Y2R Deficiency Ameliorates Hepatic Steatosis by Reducing Lipogenesis and Enhancing Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation through AMPK and PGC-1 alpha Induction in High-Fat Diet-Fed Miceopen access
- Dusabimana, Theodomir; Park, Eun Jung; Je, Jihyun; Jeong, Kyuho; Yun, Seung Pil; Kim, Hye Jung; Kim, Hwajin; Park, Sang Won
- Issue Date
- P2Y2R; AMPK; fatty acid beta-oxidation; hepatic steatosis; NAFLD
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.22, no.11
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic metabolic liver disease associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Activation of the purinergic receptor P2Y2R has been reported to promote adipogenesis, inflammation and dyslipidemia in adipose tissues in obese mice. However, the role of P2Y2R and its mechanisms in NAFLD remain unknown. We hypothesized that P2Y2R deficiency may play a protective role in NAFLD by modulating lipid metabolism in the liver. In this study, we fed wild type and P2Y2R knockout mice with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks and analyzed metabolic phenotypes. First, P2Y2R deficiency effectively improved insulin resistance with a reduction in body weight and plasma insulin. Second, P2Y2R deficiency attenuated hepatic lipid accumulation and injury with reduced alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Third, P2Y2R deficiency decreased the expression of fatty acid synthesis mediators (cluster of differentiation (CD36), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1)); and increased the expression of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a lipolytic enzyme. Mechanistically, P2Y2R deficiency increased the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity to improve mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) by regulating acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A)-mediated FAO pathway. In addition, P2Y2R deficiency increased peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma co-activator-1 alpha (PGC-1 alpha)-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis. Conclusively, P2Y2R deficiency ameliorated HFD-induced hepatic steatosis by enhancing FAO through AMPK signaling and PGC-1 alpha pathway, suggesting P2Y2R as a promising therapeutic target for NAFLD.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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