The C-terminus of Brucella abortus MviN induces humoral and cell mediated immune responses in BALB/c mice that protects against the virulent Brucella 544 challenge
- Senevirathne, Amal; Hewawaduge, Chamith; Kim, Suk; Lee, John Hwa
- Issue Date
- Salmonella typhimurium; Brucella MviN; Humoral and cell-mediated immunity; Brucella abortus 544
- JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS, v.493
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS
- The present study investigates the C-terminus portion of the Brucella MviN protein for its protective immune responses. The C-terminus, Brucella mivN was amplified from the Brucella abortus genome and cloned into asd complemented constitutive expression vector pJHL65. The resultant recombinant plasmid was transformed into asd auxotrophic Salmonella Typhimurium JOL1800 and the novel strain was designated as JOL2213. The MviN induced humoral, cell-mediated, and protective immune responses were assessed in the BALB/c mice model. We demonstrated that single immunization of mice with JOL2213 via intramuscular route elicit significantly high (p < 0.05) MviN-c specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity compared to mice immunized with JOL1818 strain containing pJHL65 vector alone. Further to determine the MviN-c induced type of immune response, Th1 and Th2 cytokine markers, IFN-? and IL-4, and CD4+/CD8+ T-cell differentiation were quantified. Results demonstrated, MviN-c could significantly induce IFN- ? response in immunized mice, however, showed higher proficiency towards Th2 immune induction marked by IL-4 induction and significant CD4+ T-cell differentiation compared to the vector control group. On challenge with the virulent Brucella strain, B. abortus 544 on 14th-day post-immunization, mice immunized with JOL2213 resulted in a significantly low number of challenged Brucella colonization in spleen and liver tissues than the vector alone group. Further investigation can be conducted to investigate cross-protection that can deliver against main Brucella species pathogenic to humans and animals.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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