A Hierarchically Ordered Mesoporous-Carbon-Supported Iron Sulfide Anode for High-Rate Na-Ion Storageopen access
- Haridas, Anupriya K.; Angulakshmi, Natarajan; Stephan, Arul Manuel; Lee, Younki; Ahn, Jou-Hyeon
- Issue Date
- Iron sulfide; ordered mesoporous carbon; high-rate anode; sodium-ion battery
- MOLECULES, v.26, no.14
- Journal Title
- Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are promising alternatives to lithium-based energy storage devices for large-scale applications, but conventional lithium-ion battery anode materials do not provide adequate reversible Na-ion storage. In contrast, conversion-based transition metal sulfides have high theoretical capacities and are suitable anode materials for SIBs. Iron sulfide (FeS) is environmentally benign and inexpensive but suffers from low conductivity and sluggish Na-ion diffusion kinetics. In addition, significant volume changes during the sodiation of FeS destroy the electrode structure and shorten the cycle life. Herein, we report the rational design of the FeS/carbon composite, specifically FeS encapsulated within a hierarchically ordered mesoporous carbon prepared via nanocasting using a SBA-15 template with stable cycle life. We evaluated the Na-ion storage properties and found that the parallel 2D mesoporous channels in the resultant FeS/carbon composite enhanced the conductivity, buffered the volume changes, and prevented unwanted side reactions. Further, high-rate Na-ion storage (363.4 mAh g(-1) after 500 cycles at 2 A g(-1), 132.5 mAh g(-1) at 20 A g(-1)) was achieved, better than that of the bare FeS electrode, indicating the benefit of structural confinement for rapid ion transfer, and demonstrating the excellent electrochemical performance of this anode material at high rates.
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- 공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles
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