Hormesis effects of gamma radiation on growth of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)
- Song, Ki Eun; Lee, Seung Ha; Jung, Jae Gyeong; Choi, Jae Eun; Jun, Woojin; Chung, Jin-Woong; Hong, Sun Hee; Shim, Sangin
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- TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
- Hormesis; gamma radiation; quinoa; hyperspectral imaging; Chenopodium quinoa
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY, v.97, no.7, pp.906 - 915
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- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY
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- Purpose Quinoa is an annual plant that grows well in high altitude regions with high radiation and ultraviolet intensity. It has known that high-dose radiation damages living organisms, but low-dose radiation also has a beneficial effect. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the hormesis effect of gamma-ray on quinoa by growth analysis and hyperspectral imaging. Materials and methods Quinoa seeds were irradiated at 50, 100, and 200 Gy emitted by (CO)-C-60. Subsequently, the seeds were germinated and transplanted into pots, then conducted growth analysis and physiological evaluation every week, and hyperspectral imaging. Photosynthetic ability was measured at 35 days after transplanting (DAT), and the plants for each dose were divided into aerial and underground parts for biomass evaluation at 91 DAT. Various vegetation indices were estimated from 14 to 35 DAT by hyperspectral analysis, and the specific bands were extracted based on the PLS model using plant height, SPAD value, and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. Results We found that plant height and biomass were increased in quinoa plants treated with a low dose (50 Gy) as compared to control. Chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence were not different between doses at the early growth stage, but as growth progressed, the plant irradiated at 200 Gy began to be lower. The photosynthetic ability of the quinoa plant treated at 50 Gy was greater than other plants at 35 DAT. The vegetation indices related to the pigment status also were higher in the plants treated by irradiation at 50 Gy than the plants grown in other doses treatment units at the beginning of the growth. Using the PLS model we collected sensitive band wavelengths from hyperspectral image analysis. Among the collected bands, eight bands closely related to plant height, nine bands to chlorophyll content, and ten bands to chlorophyll fluorescence were identified. Conclusion Our results showed that the growth and physiological parameters of quinoa treated by low dose gamma irradiation to seeds were greater than that of control as well as the plant with higher doses. These findings confirm that the positive changes in the characteristics of quinoa with low dose radiation indicated that hormesis occurs at 50 Gy radiation.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 농학과 > Journal Articles
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