Geological Records of Coseismic Shear Localization Along the Yangsan Fault, Korea
- Gu, Dohee; Han, Raehee; Woo, Sangwoo
- Issue Date
- AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
- fault rocks; faults; principal slip zones; seismic slip; shear localization zones; weakening mechanisms
- JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, v.126, no.8
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH
- We conducted outcrop-to-nanoscale structural observations on a principal slip zone (PSZ) of the Yangsan fault, a major strike-slip fault in southeast Korea, and some high-velocity rotary shear tests on the PSZ gouges to understand shear localization and physico-chemical processes in the PSZ during earthquakes. At the fault outcrop, the PSZ appears 1-2 cm thick. At smaller scales, the PSZ is subdivided into Units 1 to 4 based on their microstructures. Microscopic observations confirmed the shear localization in Units 1 (20-500 mu m in thickness) and 3 (0.8-3 mm in thickness). Further localization was observed in several mu m-thick shear bands. Various structural and mineralogical features that recorded physico-chemical processes in slip zones were found in the PSZ, including gouge fluidization structures relevant to thermal pressurization, solidified frictional melt of clay-rich gouge, and mineralogical changes by frictional heating-induced illitization. The gouge melting and mineralogical changes were reproduced in our experiments at 1.3 m s(-1). The gouge fluidization has been observed in previous tests at seismic slip rates. Thus, the observations from the natural and experimental faults indicate that the shear localization in the PSZ was coseismic. In a cataclasite zone next to the PSZ, altered veins of pseudotachylyte were found. All these observations indicate temporal changes of the PSZ materials (e.g., formation of solidified melt, alteration of the melt into clay minerals, friction-induced mineralogical changes). Associated with such changes, coseismic slip zone processes and dominant weakening mechanisms may also vary, even at the same location on a fault.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 자연과학대학 > 지질과학과 > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.